Child Labour - Wrangler Surgical CSR

WRANGLER SURGICAL CSR – Child Labour: Understanding The Issue

When children are forced to labour, it may cause physical injury or prevent them from going to school. Growing income disparities have resulted in millions of children choosing between attending school and supporting their families. According to the ILO, 215 million children aged five to seventeen are now employed in either unlawful, dangerous, or exploitative situations. Children as young as 14 are legally allowed to work in a variety of occupations due to the dire financial straits of their families. Numerous kids are employed in commercial farming, fishing, processing, mining, and housekeeping industries. Some kids do nasty things like sell drugs, get involved in prostitution, or join the military.


It is disconcerting that child labour prevents kids from getting an education, which is a significant setback for their personal growth and development. Since time is limited, the relationship between a child’s occupation and academic performance varies according to the kind of occupation and the number of hours spent on it. Those who work for extended periods are more likely to not attend school. Here are some characteristics of child labour:

Child Labour: Are Schooling & Labour casually related?

The link between work and schooling is instructive about the effect of children’s employment on education, but it is not adequate to demonstrate causation; various economic and cultural variables concurrently affect both schooling and work choices, and the direction of the associations is unclear. Does school absence lead to employment, or does this labour lead to school absence among youth?

Several academic studies have attempted to establish causality by isolating a factor (an “instrumental variable”) that affects whether a child works but has no effect on parents’ relative importance of other activities in their children’s lives. While the objective elements used in these studies have been called into question, researchers do seem to agree that there is a stronger connection between child labour and schooling than the numbers indicate.

Asia is home to approximately 114 million (or 53%) of the world’s 215 million child labourers. In comparison, Latin America is home to around 14 million (or 7%), and sub-Saharan Africa is home to approximately 65 million (30%).


Children are often hired to work in commercial agriculture, even though this puts them in dangerous situations like heat and pesticide exposure, pays them low wages, and leaves them without basic amenities like clean water and good sanitation. Child labour accounts for 60% of all agriculture, mining, and forestry labour. The following child labour is reported:

The Ivory Coast’s cocoa

Egyptian and Beninese cotton

Flower cutting in Colombia

Brazil’s oranges

Ethiopian tea and Bangladeshi tea

Pakistani-made medical instruments

Indian, Pakistani, and Egyptian carpets

Bangladeshi clothes, India, and the Philippines’ footwear

Pakistan’s soccer balls


Children ages 5 to 14 are expected to work directly in the manufacturing sector in a variety of ways, including but not limited to the following:


Child labourers in mines, quarries, and open pits have significant sickness and injury rates. 6 to 7-year-olds crush rocks, wash, sift, and transport ore. Explosives are placed, and loads are carried by nine-year-olds working in a tunnel system. Among the many mining tasks that children do, we may name:

Mongolia’s coal

Charcoal from Brazil and El Salvador

Côte d’Ivoire diamonds

Colombian gold

Zimbabwe’s chrome

Emeritus in Colombia

Early Entry into Domestic Service

Connection to Child Trafficking

Forms of Harm in Domestic Child Labor

Need for Protection and Prevention


Children ages 5 to 14 are expected to work directly in the manufacturing sector in a variety of ways, including but not limited to the following:


Controversial Engagement

Young people's involvement in the hospitality, foodservice, and retail industries sparks controversy due to the potential infringement on their legal employment rights.

Widespread Abuse:

There are indications of widespread abuse within these industries, highlighting the need for greater attention and intervention.

Connection to Prostitution:

Child labor in hotels and restaurants is linked to the issue of prostitution in tourist destinations, raising concerns about exploitation and vulnerability.

Insufficient Compensation:

Some young workers in these industries receive extremely low wages, leading them to borrow money from their employers. This practice often results in debt bondage due to strict repayment rules imposed by bosses.


There are millions of children completing tasks that should, under no circumstances, be carried out by children. These tasks include selling child prostitution into indentured servitude, wage slavery, and slave labour. These tasks are deemed inappropriate for children. Forced child recruitment into armed conflict, sexual exploitation for profit, and other illegal activities like drug production and trafficking are all part of this problem. More than five million kids were in servitude or slavery in 2005.